1880 - Sitting Bull surrenders

Sitting Bull, spiritual leader and war chief of the Hunkpapa band of the Sioux

         In 1880, Sitting Bull leads his ailing band of Hunkpapa to surrender at Fort Buford in the Dakota Territory, a few miles east of the confluence of the Missouri and Yellowstone rivers.  From there they traveled to their reservation at Standing Rock, and for five years Sitting Bull traveled with Wild Bill Cody's Wild West show. 

         The colorful leader was a favorite among the eastern press and was often quoted for his eloquence of speech.  "When I was a boy the Lakota owned the world," he was fond of saying.  "The sun rose and set on our land.  Where are the warriors today?  Who slew them?  Where are our lands?  Who owns them?  What law have I broken? Is it wrong for me to love my own?  Is it wicked for me because my skin is red, or because I would die for my people and my country?"

         In 1890, Sitting Bull would be killed in a shoot-out with tribal policemen (of his own tribe) on the Standing Rock Reservation in south central North Dakota.