Sioux warriors, once the freest people on the Great Plains with treaties that guaranteed them perpetual rights to their lands in the Black Hills, had lost everything they were promised and now retreated to an isolated existence on reservations.
victory over Custer's 7th Cavalry at the Little Big Horn marked the
beginning of the end for the Sioux resistance against the federal
government's military efforts to corral them onto
Horse, only 35 years old, led 900 Oglala to a surrender ceremony at
Fort Robinson on the Red Cloud Agency where he was stabbed to death
by one of his own tribe when they tried to imprison him.
Sitting Bull led the Hunkpapa to the safety of Canada but
surrendered to the U.S. Army after four difficult years and agreed
to live peacefully on the Standing Rock reservation in North