portrait by Ralph Eleaser Whitesde Earl
(1767 - 1845)
Treaties were expedients which ignorant, intractable, and savage people were induced without bloodshed to yield up what civilized peoples had a right to possess by virtue of that command the Creator delivered to man upon his formation - be fruitful, multiply, and to replenish the Earth, and subdue it.
Andrew Jackson, also known as Old Hickory, was the hero of the
Battle of New Orleans in the War of 1812, and eventually was
elected as the 7th president of the United States.
Andrew Jackson was the first
public figure to reach the White House from the lower classes of
society. Early in his political career he aligned
himself with states rights advocates and Thomas
Jefferson. He was a man you crossed at your
peril. He killed three men, carried two bullets in his body
(from duels), endured bladder surgery at the age of 71 without
Jackson, a notoriously
dishonest Indian treaty commissioner, came to the White House
determined to remove Indians from the eastern forests. At
Jackson's urging, Congress passed (by one vote) the Indian Removal
Act (1830) that eventually resulted in the Trail of Tears, in which
thousands of Cherokees died on a forced march from their
treaty-protected homelands in Georgia and Tennessee, to the new
Indian Territory in Oklahoma.
As governor of Florida he
distinguished himself by accomplishing almost nothing outside the
further alienation of the Seminoles and Creeks, and laying the
groundwork for what some have called the most dishonorable treaties
with Indians in our nation's history.
For more on Andrew Jackson, click here