1952 - Indian Relocation

      Relocation was a 1950s era policy adopted by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (and promoted by certain members of the U.S. Congress) to remove Indians from reservations in preparation for the formal termination of their status as trustees of the United States government.

BIA-Indian -relocation -ad _smaller

   An advertisement from the 1950s promoting the BIA's Indian Relocation program, a thinly veiled renewed effort at assimilating tribal people into 'mainstream' society. 

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       Typically, a reservation Indian was given a one-way bus or train ticket to a distant urban center, usually a West Coast city, and told to check in with the local office of the BIA in order to land a job, find lodging, and to start a new life.  The 'urban Indian' phenomenon, in which tens of thousands of rural Indians found themselves living in urban centers, resulted from this policy. http://www.dailyyonder.com/indian-relocation-sending-roots-under-pavement   Though 'relocation' did not last long as an official program of the government, its effects were devastating for many thousands of reservation Indians and continue to this day.