1763 - Treaty of Paris

The French surrender at the end of the Seven Year War, leading to the Treaty of Paris and the Proclamation of 1763 by King George III of England.

        This treaty ends the Seven Years War between France and England, but sets up new contests for lands in North America that will not be resolved for another century.

(click here for more on the Treaty of Paris)

        Devastated over her loss to her perpetual enemy, France's King Louis XV cedes Louisiana to Spain to prevent England from staking a claim to it in peace talks.   Those lands, known as French Louisiana, include the port of New Orleans and would be returned to France in the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso, in 1800.  This later treaty of 'retrocession' made it possible for France to sell Louisiana to the United States in 1804.