The French surrender at the end of the Seven Year War, leading to the Treaty of Paris and the Proclamation of 1763 by King George III of England.
This treaty ends the
Seven Years War between France and England, but sets up new
contests for lands in North America that will not be resolved for
(click here for more on the Treaty of
Devastated over her
loss to her perpetual enemy, France's King Louis XV cedes Louisiana
to Spain to prevent England from staking a claim to it in peace
talks. Those lands, known as French Louisiana, include
the port of New Orleans and would be returned to France in the
secret Treaty of San Ildefonso, in 1800. This later treaty of
'retrocession' made it possible for France to sell Louisiana to the
United States in 1804.